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Agreements governing the legalisation of foreign qualifications

  • No type of legalisation is required between member states of the European Union or the European Economic Area[MRIE1] :
    Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom. 
    Also, Switzerland due to a bilateral agreement with the EU.
  • Outside the EU and the EEA, qualifications obtained in signatory states of The Hague Convention in 1961 only require an "Apostille" issued by the competent authorities of that country:
    Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Belarus, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brunei Darussalam, Colombia, Croatia, Dominica, El Salvador, Ecuador, Slovenia, United States of America, Estonia, Russian Federation, Fiji, Grenada, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Cook Islands, Marshal Islands, Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, Lesotho, Liberia, Macau, Macedonia, Malawi, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Montenegro, Namibia, Niue, New Zealand, Panama, Puerto Rico, Republic of South Africa, Czech Republic, St Christopher and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Western Samoa, San Marino, Serbia, the Seychelles, Switzerland, Surinam, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Ukraine, Venezuela and Cyprus.
    Extensions: The Netherlands (Dutch Antilles, Aruba); United Kingdom (Anguilla, Jersey, Guernsey, Isle of Man, Bermuda, British Antarctic Territory, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, Montserrat, Saint Helena, Turks and Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands).