Dalia Francheska Márquez Añez
PhD Programme: Gender Studies: Culture, Societies and Policies
Research group: SBRlab – Social & Business Research Laboratory
Supervisors: María Inmaculada Pastor Gosálbez
Dalia Francheska is a human rights defender, peacebuilder, and researcher on gender issues. She is a lawyer with a master's degree in family law and a specialization in family law and graduated with a Magna Cum Laude distinction. She is co-founder of Juventud Unida en Acción, an NGO with a global reach that works for the SDGs and the UN 2030 Agenda, and for the last 9 years, she has coordinated, implemented, and evaluated initiatives and projects related to the development of public policies for the empowerment of girls and young women, reducing gender bias and applying a gender perspective in their work. Also, She has stood out as a representative and speaker in high-level spaces such as the Youth Forum of the Americas, the UN Science and Technology Forum, the United Nations Environment Assembly UNEA, and others. In 2018 she received the distinction of Ibero-American Woman. In 2020, she worked as a fellow for the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights at the Organization of American States. Currently, she is linked to various initiatives and networks that promote a more peaceful and inclusive world as the Committee of Women Leaders of the Americas of the Documentation Sciences Foundation, a Member of the 16x16 initiative from the UNDP -United Nations Development Program-, is the Global focal point for SDG 16 at the United Nations Major Group of Children and Youth as well as she is Fellow alumni of United States Institute of Peace (Cohort 2018) and Young Leaders of the Americas Initiative (YLAI) Fellow.
Project: Equality policies in universities and science
In recent years, both in Spain and in the EU as a whole, there has been significant development of equality policies in science and in universities. This process was promoted and has materialized from political initiatives and specific laws. Specifically, in Spain, this was carried out thanks to the approval of Organic Law 3/2007, of March 22, for the effective equality of women and men (LOIEMH) and the subsequent regional equality regulations, and was complemented with the Organic Law 4/2007 of Modification of the Organic Law of Universities (LOMLOU). Both laws regulated the creation of organizational structures and equality plans within universities, becoming key elements for the development of equality policies in said institutions. Subsequently, the thirteenth additional provision of Law 14/2011, of June 1, on Science, Technology, and Innovation, was responsible for regulating the implementation of the gender perspective in science. For its part, in the EU, since the 1990s, various reports and studies have been carried out on the situation of women in the different areas in which scientific activity. These studies identified inequalities between men and women and have provided empirical evidence of the barriers that exist in the functioning of scientific institutions and universities. One of the most contrasted conclusions is that the identified inequalities affected and affect the development of the professional careers of women scientists, compared to their male counterparts. Based on these reports, a series of actions have been articulated to promote equality between men and women in science. With the approval of the H2020 Program, the commitment to promote equality between men and women as well as the incorporation of the gender perspective in research and innovation. This entire process of implementing equality policies has been a central element in being able to advance in the elimination of certain types of discrimination that have negatively affected and still affect women. In the case of universities, there are two factors that can be highlighted for their potential to help build more egalitarian organizations: the creation of equality units within the university structure and the development of equality plans. These instruments have also served to detect the elements that can hinder the progress of equality policies in the universities themselves and in the science system in general. Identifying these elements is key to being able to promote the most appropriate measures with the aim of eliminating possible discrimination. The project presented here has as its main objective to know the impact of the measures adopted derived from the implementation of equality policies, on the reduction of inequalities between men and women within universities. It is also interesting to analyze what are the most relevant challenges that arise to achieve more effective equality policies in the field of science and, specifically, in European and Spanish universities. More than 10 years after the creation of the first equality units and plans It is necessary to evaluate this process and approach the pending challenges.