DOW/URV Chair of Sustainable Development - Declarations and agreements
International declarations, agreements and other documents related to sustainable development:
Stockholm Declaration was drafted during the UN Conference on the Human Environment, held from the 5th until the 16th June 1972 in Stockholm, Sweden. It was the first document in history seeking for an international environmental law which intentions were to achieve a global involvement to solve the problems of the Earth.
Brundtland Report, “Our Common Future”, is a socioeconomical report published by the United Nations Wold Comission on Environmental Development, led by the Prime Minister Gro Harlem Brundtand. This report was the first document which used the concept “Sustainable Development” and set the principles: “sustainable development is the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change was created by the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for the United Nations Framework on Climate Change, in New York, United States, in May 1992. The document is an effort to define and solve the problem of climate change and global warming at the international level.
The Rio de Janeiro Declaration was adopted at the UN Conference on the Environment and Human Development, held in Río de Janeiro, Brazil in June 1992. The Declaration seeks to reaffirm and develop the Stockholm Declaration (1972). Thus, the main goal is to reach a sustainable development, to enjoy a healthy life in harmony with the environment, preserving it and its resources.
Agenda 21 is a program to develop global sustainability. It was adopted by 173 governments at the UN Conference on the Environment and Human Development, held in Río de Janeiro, Brazil, in June 1992. The program addresses several economic, social and cultural aspects, as well as the environmental protection.
The Aalborg Charter, officially known as The European Sustainable Cities and Towns Campaign, was adopted at the Sustainable Cities European Conference, in Aalborg. Denmark in May 1994. The charter provides that authorities are commieted to promoting local sustainable development and also to meet the requieremients of Agenda 21.
The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement related to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, estabished in December 1997, in Kyoto, Japan. The most important aspect of this document is that it sets the reduction of greenhouse gases.
The Earth Charter is an international declaration of principles and proposals for a more sustainable, fair and united world. It is a call to humanity for the redesign of its existence, its lifestyle and its future, from a social, economic and environmental angle. Thus, the Charter seeks to sensitize the planet of the current situation with the ultimate goal of improving the world.
The Millennium Declaration of the United Nations was drafted during the meeting of heads of state and government in New York, USA, in September 2000. This declaration sets responsibilities, values and principles to be followed by the rulers, who are committed to maintaining peace and promoting justice and prosperity in the world.
The Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development is the result of the World Summit for Sustainable Development, in Johannesburg, South-Africa, September 2002. The document compiles a summary of declarations, agreements and previous commitments related to sustainable development.